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UK Risk Register Details for Bactrocera dorsalis species complex

Pest has been archived

This pest has been assessed for the Risk Register and is considered to pose a low risk to the UK. The information on this pest was correct as of 07/01/2021, but is no longer actively maintained. It will only be updated if new information is received which indicates the potential for a significant increase in risk to the UK.

This record was last updated on 28/06/2021

Common Names

  • oriental fruit fly

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Fruits or vegetables
  • Soil/growing medium

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5]
Spread [1 - 5]
Impact [1 - 5]
Value at Risk [1 - 5]
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25]
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 1

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Regulated quarantine pest (Northern Ireland)



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5]
Spread [1 - 5]
Impact [1 - 5]
Value at Risk [1 - 5]
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25]
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 1

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
United Kingdom Absent
Italy Present (Limited) Under eradication
North America Present
United States Present (Limited)
Papua New Guinea Present
French Polynesia Present
Palau Present
Nauru Present
Angola Present
Benin Present
Burkina Faso Present
Burundi Present
Cameroon Present
Cabo Verde Present
Central African Republic Present
Chad Present
Comoros Present
Congo (Brazzaville) Present
Congo (Democratic Rep.) Present
Cote d'Ivoire Present
Equatorial Guinea Present
Ethiopia Present
Gabon Present
Gambia Present
Ghana Present
Guinea-Bissau Present
Guinea Present
Liberia Present
Kenya Present
Madagascar Present
Mali Present
Mauritania Present
Mayotte Present
Mozambique Present
Namibia Present
Niger Present
Nigeria Present
Rwanda Present
Senegal Present
Sierra Leone Present
South Africa Present
Sudan Present
[Kingdom of] eSwatini Present
Togo Present
Uganda Present
Zambia Present
Zimbabwe Present
Japan Present under eradication
Philippines Present
Bangladesh Present
Bhutan Present
Cambodia Present
China Present
Indonesia Present
India Present
Laos Present
Myanmar Present
Pakistan Present
Nepal Present
Sri Lanka Present
Taiwan Present
Thailand Present
United Arab Emirates Present
Singapore Present
Vietnam Present
Brunei Present
Malaysia Present

Type of Pest

  • Insect (Diptera)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Major Hosts

  • Anacardium occidentale L.
  • Annona L.
  • Annona cherimola Mill.
  • Annona muricata L.
  • Annona senegalensis Pers.
  • Annona squamosa L.
  • Averrhoa carambola L.
  • Capsicum L.
  • Capsicum annuum L.
  • Capsicum frutescens L.
  • Carica papaya L.
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
  • Citrus aurantifolia (Christmann & Panzer) Swingle
  • Citrus aurantium subsp. aurantium Linnaeus
  • Citrus limon (Linnaeus) N.L.Burman
  • Citrus maxima (Burman) Merrill
  • Citrus paradisi Macfadyen
  • Citrus reticulata Blanco (S. S.)
  • Citrus sinensis (Linnaeus) Osbeck
  • Citrus x tangelo Ingram & Moore
  • Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels
  • Coffea arabica L.
  • Cucumis sativus L.
  • Cucurbita maxima Duch.
  • Cucurbita pepo L.
  • Cydonia oblonga Mill.
  • Dimocarpus longan Lour.
  • Diospyros L.
  • Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
  • Flacourtia indica (Burm.F.) Merr./L.
  • Fortunella Swing.
  • Fortunella japonica (Thunberg) Swingle
  • Irvingia Hook.F.
  • Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.
  • Solanum lycopersicum L.
  • Malus Mill.
  • Malus domestica Borkhausen
  • Mangifera indica L.
  • Manilkara zapota (Linnaeus) Van Royen
  • Momordica charantia L.
  • Musa L.
  • Musa x paradisiaca Linnaeus
  • Persea americana Mill.
  • Prunus domestica ssp. domestica L.
  • Prunus persica Batsch
  • Prunus salicina Lindl.
  • Psidium guajava L.
  • Psidium littorale var. littorale Raddi
  • Pyrus L.
  • Pyrus pyraster Burgsd.
  • Sclerocarya birroea (= birrea) ssp. birroea (A.Rich.) Hochst.
  • Solanum aethiopicum L./Torner
  • Solanum anguivi Lam.
  • Solanum incanum L.
  • Solanum melongena L.
  • Spondias L.
  • Spondias dulcis Parkins./Forst.
  • Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels
  • Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston
  • Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry
  • Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry
  • Terminalia catappa L.
  • Theobroma cacao L.
  • Thevetia peruviana (Persoon) Schumann
  • Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn.F.
  • Vitis vinifera ssp. vinifera L.
  • Ziziphus Mill.
  • Citrus

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

Further Information

PRA Availability

PRA not available

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

Regulated quarantine pest (Northern Ireland) (as Tephritidae (non-European)). EPPO A1

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


No statutory action in Great Britain. Statutory action in line with regulations for Northern Ireland.

General Comments

Tropical fruit fly unlikely to establish in the UK, considered to be of little or no phytosanitary risk