UK Risk Register Details for Xiphinema pachtaicum

This record was last updated on 16/11/2020

Common Names

  • Dagger nematode

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Plants for planting (with soil)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register.

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 5
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 15
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 75

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Prohibition of key pathway (soil)



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 9
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 45

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
Germany Present
Switzerland Present
Bulgaria Present
Croatia Present
Cyprus Present
Czech Republic Present
France Present
Greece Present
Hungary Present
Italy Present
Republic of North Macedonia Present
Malta Present
Moldova Present
Montenegro Present
Portugal Present
Romania Present
Serbia Present
Slovakia Present
Spain Present
Turkey Present
Ukraine Present
United Kingdom Present (Unknown Distribution)
North America
United States Present
South America
Chile Present
Australia Present
Africa Unknown
Algeria Present
Egypt Present
Libya Present
Morocco Present
South Africa Present
Ethiopia Present
Georgia Present
Iran Present
Iraq Present
Israel Present
Jordan Present
Turkmenistan Present
Uzbekistan Present
Central America
Trinidad and Tobago Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Dorylaimida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Total outdoor production, Broadleaved Trees

Major Hosts

  • Allium cepa L.
  • Brassica oleracea L.
  • Ceratonia siliqua L.
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
  • Cucurbita pepo L.
  • Cupressus L.
  • Cynara cardunculus L.
  • Cynara scolymus L.
  • Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
  • Ficus L.
  • Fragaria L.
  • Hordeum vulgare L. em. Lam.
  • Malus Mill.
  • Morus alba L.
  • Olea europaea Linnaeus
  • Pisum L.
  • Pisum sativum Linnaeus
  • Prunus L.
  • Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb
  • Prunus persica Batsch
  • Punica granatum L.
  • Rubus L.
  • Salvia L.
  • Solanum L.
  • Ulmus L.
  • Vitis vinifera ssp. vinifera L.
  • Zea mays L.
  • Citrus

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • Broadleaved

Further Information

PRA Availability

UK (1996), UK (2014)

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

General plant health powers apply (non-European strains)

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


Statutory action against non-European strains, no statutory action against European strains.

General Comments

Polyphagous nematode pest present in parts of Europe and beyond. Non-European strains were previously regulated, but not European. Limited impacts seen in parts of Europe where this nematode is present.

Risk Records for this Pest