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UK Risk Register Details for Xiphinema pachtaicum

Pest has been archived

This pest has been assessed for the Risk Register and is considered to pose a low risk to the UK. The information on this pest was correct as of 20/07/2022, but is no longer actively maintained. It will only be updated if new information is received which indicates the potential for a significant increase in risk to the UK.

This record was last updated on 20/07/2022

Common Names

  • Dagger nematode

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest spreads to maximum extent

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Plants for planting (with soil)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Soil/growing medium

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 9
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 45

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 9
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 45

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
Germany Present
Switzerland Present
Bulgaria Present
Croatia Present
Cyprus Present
Czech Republic Present
France Present
Greece Present
Hungary Present
Italy Present
Republic of North Macedonia Present
Malta Present
Moldova Present
Montenegro Present
Portugal Present
Romania Present
Serbia Present
Slovakia Present
Spain Present
Türkiye Present
Ukraine Present
United Kingdom Present (Unknown Distribution)
North America
United States Present
South America
Chile Present
Australia Present
Africa Unknown
Algeria Present
Egypt Present
Libya Present
Morocco Present
South Africa Present
Ethiopia Present
Georgia Present
Iran Present
Iraq Present
Israel Present
Jordan Present
Turkmenistan Present
Uzbekistan Present
Central America
Trinidad and Tobago Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Dorylaimida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Total outdoor production, Broadleaved Trees

Major Hosts

  • Allium cepa L.
  • Brassica oleracea L.
  • Ceratonia siliqua L.
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
  • Cucurbita pepo L.
  • Cupressus L.
  • Cynara cardunculus L.
  • Cynara scolymus L.
  • Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
  • Ficus L.
  • Fragaria L.
  • Hordeum vulgare L. em. Lam.
  • Malus Mill.
  • Morus alba L.
  • Olea europaea Linnaeus
  • Pisum L.
  • Pisum sativum Linnaeus
  • Prunus L.
  • Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb
  • Prunus persica Batsch
  • Punica granatum L.
  • Rubus L.
  • Salvia L.
  • Solanum L.
  • Ulmus L.
  • Vitis vinifera L.
  • Zea mays L.
  • Citrus

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • Broadleaved

Further Information

PRA Availability

UK (1996), UK (2014)

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

Not currently listed

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


No statutory action

General Comments

Polyphagous nematode pest present in parts of Europe and beyond. It is present with an unknown distribution in the UK. Non-European strains were previously regulated, but not European. Limited impacts seen in parts of Europe where this nematode is present.