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UK Risk Register Details for Xylosandrus compactus

This record was last updated on 30/10/2023

Common Names

  • Black coffee twig borer
  • Black twig borer

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Cut flowers or branches
  • Non-squared wood
  • Bark
  • Wood packaging material
  • Hitchhiking

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 2
Spread [1 - 5] 3
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 4
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 20

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 2
Spread [1 - 5] 3
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 4
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 20

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
United Kingdom Absent
Türkiye Present
Switzerland Present (Limited)
Slovenia Present
France Present
Greece Present
Italy Present
Spain Present Under eradication
North America
Mexico Present
United States Present
South America
Brazil Present
Ecuador Present
Peru Present
New Caledonia Present
Fiji Present
Papua New Guinea Present
Samoa Present
Solomon Islands Present
Benin Present
Cameroon Present
Central African Republic Present
Comoros Present
Congo (Democratic Rep.) Present
Cote d'Ivoire Present
Equatorial Guinea Present
Gabon Present
Ghana Present
Guinea Present
Guinea-Bissau Present
Kenya Present
Liberia Present
Madagascar Present
Mauritania Present
Mauritius Present
Nigeria Present
Reunion Present
Senegal Present
Seychelles Present
Sierra Leone Present
South Africa Present
Tanzania Present
Togo Present
Uganda Present
Zimbabwe Present
Myanmar Present
Lebanon Present
Israel Present
Cambodia Present
China Present
India Present
Indonesia Present
Japan Present
Laos Present
Malaysia Present
Philippines Present
Singapore Present
Sri Lanka Present
Taiwan Present
Thailand Present
Vietnam Present
Central America
Antigua and Barbuda Present
British Virgin Islands Present
Cuba Present
Puerto Rico Present

Type of Pest

  • Insect (Coleoptera)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Broadleaved trees

Major Hosts

  • Acacia auriculaeformis A.Cunn. Ex Benth.
  • Acacia mangium Willd.
  • Annona muricata L.
  • Annona squamosa L.
  • Arbutus unedo L.
  • Aucoumea klaineana Pierre
  • Buxus sempervirens var. sempervirens L.
  • Camellia sinensis (L.) O.Kuntze
  • Castanea Mill.
  • Cedrela odorata L.
  • Ceratonia siliqua L.
  • Cercis canadensis L.
  • Cinnamomum camphora Sieb./Nees & Eberm./Presl.
  • Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume/Nees
  • Coffea L.
  • Coffea arabica L.
  • Coffea canephora Pierre Ex Froehner
  • Cornus florida L.
  • Dalbergia L.F.
  • Dendrobium Sw.
  • Entandrophragma utile (Dawe & Sprague) Sprague
  • Erythrina abyssinica Lam. Ex Dc.
  • Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm. & Binn.
  • Ficus carica L.
  • Gardenia jasminoides Ellis
  • Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. Ex A.Juss.) Muell.Arg.
  • Khaya grandifoliola C.Dc.
  • Khaya ivorensis A.Chev.
  • Khaya senegalensis (Desr.) A.Juss.
  • Laurus nobilis L.
  • Leucaena glauca (L./Moench/Willd.) Benth.
  • Macadamia integrifolia Maiden & Betche
  • Magnolia grandiflora L.
  • Mangifera indica L.
  • Melia azadirachata L.
  • Ochroma lagopus Sw.
  • Persea americana Mill.
  • Persea borbonica (L.) Spreng.
  • Phillyrea L.
  • Pinus L.
  • Pistacia lentiscus var. lentiscus L.
  • Pometia pinnata J.R. & G.Forst.
  • Punica granatum L.
  • Quercus ilex L.
  • Ruscus aculeatus L.
  • Shorea Roxb. Ex Gaertn.F.
  • Swertia L.
  • Swietenia macrophylla King
  • Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq.
  • Theobroma cacao L.
  • Toona ciliata M.J.Roem.
  • Viburnum tinus L.
  • Hydrangea macrophylla

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • Broadleaved & Coniferous

Further Information

PRA Availability

PRA not available

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

General plant health powers apply. Previously EPPO Alert.

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


Statutory action against findings.

General Comments

Ambrosia beetle native to Asia but now present elsewhere, including parts of Europe. Regulated on certain plants and wood from outside Europe, and statutory action will be taken against all findings on a precautionary basis.A PRA will further assess the risks.

Risk Records for this Pest