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UK Risk Register Details for Xiphinema bakeri

This record was last updated on 24/05/2023

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (with soil)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Soil/growing medium

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 4
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 8
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 40

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Prohibition of key pathways



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 2
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 4
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 20

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
United Kingdom Absent
North America
United States Present
Canada Present
South America Present
Japan Present
South Korea Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Dorylaimida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Total outdoor production, Forestry

Major Hosts

  • Cerastium vulgatum L.
  • Chenopodium album L.
  • Chenopodium giganteum D.Don
  • Cynodon Rich.
  • Dactylis glomerata L.
  • Fragaria ananassa (F. x ananassa) Duch.
  • Solanum lycopersicum L.
  • Morus L.
  • Picea glauca (Moench) Voss
  • Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.
  • Pinus L.
  • Pinus ponderosa Dougl. Ex P. & C.Laws.
  • Pisum sativum Linnaeus
  • Populus fremontii S.Wats.
  • Populus tremuloides Michx.
  • Prunus L.
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirbel) Franco
  • Rubus idaeus L.
  • Secale cereale L.
  • Sequoia sempervirens (D.Don) Endl.
  • Solanum tuberosum L.
  • Stellaria media (L.) Vill./Cyr.
  • Tsuga heterophylla (Rafin.) Sarg.
  • Vaccinium corymbosum L.
  • Solanaceae (family)
  • Fragaria vesca

Threats to Protected Cultivation

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • Coniferous

Further Information

PRA Availability

UK (1996)

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

Not currently listed

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


No statutory action

General Comments

Polyphagous nematode pest. Could potentially affect trees and other species if introduced but many pathways regulated.

Risk Records for this Pest