Our use of Cookies

This site uses only cookiesstrictly necessaryto ensure the site works correctly.

Please read about how we use cookies.

Hide this message

Strictly necessary and non-essential cookies

Accept all cookies

Accept necessary cookies only

Set Cookie Preferences

By clicking accept all cookies, you agree to our use of cookies and to our cookie policy.

We use third-party cookies on this site.

You have accepted necessary cookies only

You can change your cookie settings at any time

Hide this message

UK Risk Register Details for Xiphinema diversicaudatum

Please note: there are high levels of uncertainty associated with the risk scores for this pest.

This record was last updated on 16/11/2020

Common Names

  • Dagger nematode
  • European dagger nematode

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest spreads to maximum extent

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (with soil)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Soil/growing medium

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 9
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 45

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Regulated non quarantine pest



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 2
Spread [1 - 5] 1
Impact [1 - 5] 3
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 6
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 30

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
Austria Present
Belgium Present
Bulgaria Present
Croatia Present
Czech Republic Present
Denmark Present
France Present
Germany Present
Ireland Present
Italy Present
Moldova Present
Netherlands Present
Norway Present
Poland Present
Portugal Present
Russia Present
Slovakia Present
Slovenia Present
Spain Present
Sweden Present
Switzerland Present
Türkiye Present
Ukraine Present
United Kingdom Present (Widespread)
North America
United States Present
New Zealand Present
Morocco Present
South Africa Present
Russia Present

Type of Pest

  • Nematode (Dorylaimida)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Fragaria, various fruit and nut trees

Major Hosts

  • Acer pseudoplatanus L.
  • Allium porrum L.
  • Beta vulgaris L.
  • Brassica oleracea L.
  • Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Murr.) Parl.
  • Chrysanthemum coronarium L.
  • Crataegus rhipidophylla Gand.
  • Cucumis sativus L.
  • Daucus carota L.
  • Fragaria L.
  • Fragaria ananassa (F. x ananassa) Duch.
  • Fraxinus excelsior L.
  • Hordeum vulgare L. em. Lam.
  • Juglans regia L.
  • Lactuca sativa L.
  • Solanum lycopersicum L.
  • Malus sylvestris subsp. sylvestris (Linnaeus) Miller
  • Matricaria matricarioides (Less.) Port.
  • Mentha arvensis L.
  • Olea europaea Linnaeus
  • Pisum sativum Linnaeus
  • Prunus avium ssp./var. avium L.
  • Prunus cerasus L.
  • Prunus domestica ssp. domestica L.
  • Prunus persica Batsch
  • Prunus salicina Lindl.
  • Prunus spinosa L.
  • Pyrus communis L.
  • Ribes L.
  • Rosa L.
  • Rubus L.
  • Rubus idaeus L.
  • Rubus nessensis W.Hall
  • Sambucus nigra L.
  • Senecio vulgaris L.
  • Solanum tuberosum L.
  • Trifolium pratense L.
  • Tussilago farfara L.
  • Veronica L.
  • Vitis vinifera L.
  • Fagus sylvatica L.

Threats to Protected Cultivation

  • N/A

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • Broadleaved

Further Information

PRA Availability

PRA not available

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide

Regulated non quarantine pest

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


Statutory action in line with legislation

General Comments

Polyphagous nematode which is distributed in many parts of the world, including Europe and the UK.

Further Information


  • show / hide

Key uncertainty for pest

Rapid addition via a workshop. Some areas of assessment may require more research


Current distribution






UK distribution

Risk Records for this Pest