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UK Risk Register Details for Chionaspis pinifoliae

This record was last updated on 01/11/2022

Common Names

  • Pine leaf, scale
  • Pine needle, scale

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Cut flowers or branches
  • Non-squared wood
  • Bark

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 2
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 6
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 30

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Prohibition of key pathways



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 1
Spread [1 - 5] 2
Impact [1 - 5] 2
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 5
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 2
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 10

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
United Kingdom Absent
North America
Canada Present
United States Present
South America
Chile Present
Egypt Present
Libya Present
Central America
Bermuda Present
Cuba Present
El Salvador Present
Honduras Present

Type of Pest

  • Insect (Hemiptera)

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Coniferous trees

Major Hosts

  • Abies Miller
  • Abies alba Miller
  • Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
  • Abies concolor var. concolor (Gord. & Glend.)Lindl. Ex Hild.
  • Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.
  • Abies grandis (D.Don) Lindl.
  • Cedrus Trew
  • Cupressus L.
  • Juniperus L.
  • Larix laricina (Du Roi) K.Koch
  • Picea A.Dietr.
  • Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.
  • Picea engelmannii Parry Ex Engelm.
  • Picea glauca (Moench) Voss
  • Picea orientalis (L.) Link
  • Picea pungens Engelm.
  • Picea rubens Sarg.
  • Pinus L.
  • Pinus attenuata Lemm.
  • Pinus caribaea Morelet
  • Pinus cembra L.
  • Pinus contorta Dougl. Ex Loud.
  • Pinus densiflora Sieb. & Zucc.
  • Pinus echinata Mill.
  • Pinus flexilis James
  • Pinus halepensis Mill.
  • Pinus leiophylla Cham. & Schlecht./Schiede & Deppe
  • Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frem.
  • Pinus mugo ssp. mugo Turra
  • Pinus nigra Arnold
  • Pinus palustris Mill.
  • Pinus ponderosa Dougl. Ex P. & C.Laws.
  • Pinus radiata D.Don
  • Pinus resinosa Ait./Soland.
  • Pinus rigida Mill.
  • Pinus strobus L.
  • Pinus sylvestris Linnaeus
  • Pinus virginiana Mill.
  • Pinus wallichiana A.B.Jackson
  • Pseudotsuga Carr.
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirbel) Franco
  • Taxus L.
  • Torreya Arn.
  • Tsuga Carr.
  • Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.

Threats to Protected Cultivation

  • N/A

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • Coniferous

Further Information

PRA Availability

PRA not available

Regulation and EPPO listing

  • show / hide


Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


Statutory action on findings but not specifically listed in legislation due to pathway prohibitions.

General Comments

Scale insect of pine. Import restrictions on host conifers mitigate the risk of introduction

Further Information


  • show / hide

Key uncertainty for pest

Suitability of UK climate for high levels of damage


Current distribution






UK distribution

Risk Records for this Pest