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Exporting used agricultural machinery to NI and EU

Used Machinery Operated for Agricultural or Forestry Purposed for Export to the EU or for Movements to Northern Ireland

For Movements to NI

The UK government has set out updated pragmatic arrangements for used agricultural and forestry machinery when being moved from GB to NI. This guidance provides some temporary operational measures to address certain specific practical issues that have emerged, without compromising biosecurity on the island of Ireland, while discussions continue on appropriate, risk-based long-term arrangements.

Traders can move used agricultural and forestry machinery without the need for a phytosanitary certificate, providing they have been washed to remove excessive soil and plant debris.

Used machinery is subject to physical inspection at NI points of entry, however, under these temporary measures pre-notification and official certificates will not be required.

How long will these arrangements be in place?

While these arrangements constitute temporary, practical steps to address specific and significant practical burdens, traders should continue to follow this guidance. In bringing them forward we have ensured that there is no compromise to biosecurity of the island of Ireland, and we will continue to work closely with the EU on how we can develop appropriate, risk-based arrangements for the long-term.

What about movements from GB to the Republic of Ireland passing through an NI port?

Movements of used agricultural and forestry machinery moving from GB to the RoI using an NI port must be accompanied by a valid PC and pre-notified to DAERA Plant Health with a CHED-PP on TRACES NT. 

For Exports to the EU


For export to the EU a phytosanitary certificate (PC) is required for used machinery operated for agricultural or forestry purposes. The machinery in scope of this requirement are those covered by the commodity codes listed in point 1 of Annex X1 to Regulation 2019/2072. These can also be found in the Annex to this guidance.

For exports to non-EU countries the appropriate requirements of the importing country must be complied with.

1. General Conditions

1.1 It is the responsibility of the exporter to ensure that any used machinery complies with the conditions of the importing country. Used machinery that does not comply with the conditions described in this guidance will not be issued a PC.

2. New Machinery of Equipment

2.1 There are no plant health conditions on the importation of new machinery into the EU.

3. Used Machinery

3.1 To be issued with a PC for export to the EU, all used machinery must be washed and cleaned before shipping to ensure freedom from soil and other debris.

4. Inspection Before Export

4.1 Machinery must be thoroughly washed down on an external-facing panels as well as the undercarriage to ensure the machinery is visually free from soil and other debris that may have become lodged in the machinery. Particular attention should be paid to: the underside of the cab/ machine, wheel arches, hydraulic pipes, front and rear axles, drive chain, PTO, sieves, straw walkers, panels and edges that can hold soil or plant debris. If the machinery has a cab/compartment this should be carefully vacuum cleaned and swept to remove any soil deposits or debris. Filters should also be checked for contaminants.

4.2 The machinery should be visually free from soil: that is to say there should be no appreciable signs of soil or other debris.

4.3 Used machinery shall be inspected by a plant health inspector before export.

4.4 the inspector will need the exact location of where to perform the inspection in a safe and secure manner, which should be included on the export application. it is the responsibility of the exporter to make sure that the machinery is easily accessible and safe to inspect.

4.5 The machinery must be ready for export at the time of inspection. This means that the machinery must have been cleaned. Should the machinery not met the pre-export inspection requirements a re-inspection, at a later date and time may occur, but will be subject to additional inspection fees.

4.6 On the phytosanitary certificate, the exporter's name and address must be specified. The exporter must be based in the GB. The importer's name and address must also be specified on the phytosanitary certificate.

4.7 Multiple pieces of machinery can be inspected at once, even if they are being exported to different locations, but will require their own separate phytosanitary certificates if going to multiple consignees.

4.8 The exporter must ensure that the machinery does not become contaminated after the inspection, such as during travel from the inspection area to the loading area.


Annex - list of machinery requiring a PC to enter the EU

Machinery and vehicles which have been operated for agricultural or forestry purposes:



Ploughs ex 8432 10 00
Harrows, scarifiers, cultivators, weeders and hoes


ex 8432 21 00

ex 8432 29 10

ex 8432 29 30

ex 8432 29 50

ex 8432 29 90


Seeders, planters and transplanters


ex 8432 31 00

ex 8432 39 11

ex 8432 39 19

ex 8432 39 90


Manure spreaders and fertiliser distributors


ex 8432 41 00

ex 8432 42 00


Other machinery


ex 8432 80 00




ex 8432 90 00


Harvesting or threshing machinery, including straw or fodder balers;

grass or hay mowers; machines for cleaning; sorting or grading eggs,

fruit or other agricultural produce, other than machinery of heading

8437 - already operated

straw or fodder balers, including pick-up balers


ex 8433 40 00


combine harversters-threshers


ex 8433 51 00


Root or tuber harvesting machines


ex 8433 53 10

ex 8433 53 30

ex 8433 53 90


Other agricultural, horticultural, forestry, poultry-keeping machinery,

including germination plant fitted with mechanical or thermal equipment;

poultry incubators and brooders -- already operated.

Forestry machinery                                        ex 8436 80 10
Tractors (other than tractors of heading 8709) - already operated
Road tractors for semi-trailers


ex 8701 20 90


Other than single axle tractors, road tractors or track-laying tractors

Agricultural tractors and forestry tractors, wheeled

ex 9701 91 10

ex 8701 92 10

ex 8701 93 10

ex 8701 94 10

ex 8701 95 10