UK Risk Register Details for Tomato brown rugose fruit virus

This record was last updated on 04/05/2022

Scenario and Pathways

Scenario for Risk Register

  • show / hide
  • Pest is introduced

Pathway Assessed for Entry to UK

  • show / hide
  • Plants for planting (except seeds bulbs and tubers)
  • Seeds

Common Pathways

  • show / hide
This section is currently being developed as part of the next phase of the Risk Register.

Risk Ratings and Current Mitigations

Unmitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 2
Impact [1 - 5] 4
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 4
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 12
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 48

Current Mitigations

  • show / hide

Key mitigation for pest

Regulated quarantine pest (Great Britain, Northern Ireland may differ).



Industry Scheme

Contingency Plan



Mitigated Risks

Likelihood [1 - 5] 3
Spread [1 - 5] 2
Impact [1 - 5] 4
Value at Risk [1 - 5] 4
Likelihood x Impact [1 - 25] 12
UK Relative Risk Rating [1 - 125] 48

Proposed Actions

Proposed Actions



Management By Industry

Targeted Survey


Contingency Plan



Distribution and Pest Details


Country / Territory Status Notes
Slovenia Present (Limited) Under eradication.
Switzerland Present (Limited) Present, in specific parts of the country, where host crop(s) are grown, under eradication.
Estonia Absent Pest eradicated.
France Present (Limited) Actionable, under eradication.
Portugal Present (Limited) Actionable, under eradication.
Netherlands Present
Greece Present Crete
Hungary Present Present, under eradication.
Norway Present (Limited) Present, few occurrences, under eradication.
Italy Present (Limited) Present, only in some parts of the Member State concerned, under eradication.
Spain Present
Malta Present Present, under eradication.
Bulgaria Absent pest eradicated.
Poland Absent Eradicated
Germany Present (Limited) Eradicated in 2019; detected again in 2020
Austria Present (Limited) under eradication.
Cyprus Present Under eradiation
Albania Present
United Kingdom Absent Absent, pest eradicated
Turkey Present
North America
Mexico Present
United States Present (Limited)
Canada Present
Egypt Unknown
Saudi Arabia Present
China Present
Palestine, State of Present
Azerbaijan Present
Uzbekistan Present Under official control
Iran Present (Limited) Under eradication
Lebanon Present
Syria Present
Israel Present
Jordan Present

Type of Pest

  • Virus or Viroid

Host or Industry at Risk

  • show / hide

Solanum lycopersicum

Major Hosts

  • Capsicum L.
  • Capsicum annuum L.
  • Solanum lycopersicum L.
  • Solanum melongena L.

Threats to Protected Cultivation

  • Both protected crops and outdoor production

Forest Tree Pests and Pathogens

  • N/A

Further Information

PRA Availability

Germany (2018)

Regulation and EPPO listing

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Regulated quarantine pest (Great Britain, Northern Ireland may differ). EPPO Alert (2019)

Actions Indicated

  • show / hide


Statutory action in line with legislation

General Comments

Virus of tomato identified in parts of Europe and beyond. Uncertainty about extent of distribution but legislation in place to mitigate against the risk of introduction.

Further Information


  • show / hide

Key uncertainty for pest

Whether ToBRFV is seed-borne or not.


Current distribution






UK distribution