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BTOM risk categorisations

This page outlines the Border Target Operating Model (BTOM) risk categorisations for plants, plant products, wood and wood products from the European Union (EU), Liechtenstein (LI) and Switzerland (CH) and all other countries.

EU, LI and CH risk categories 

The risk categories for EU, LI and CH goods are as follows:  

  • High Risk
  • Medium Risk A
  • Medium Risk B
  • Low Risk

Requirements 

  • High and medium risk A goods will require a phytosanitary certificate and pre-notification (CHED PP) to be made on IPAFFS. 
  • Medium risk B goods will require a phytosanitary certificate but will not need to be pre-notified. 
  • Low risk goods do not require a phytosanitary certificate or pre-notification (CHED PP) to be made on IPAFFS. 

The frequency of checks associated with these goods can be found on the plant health portal.

Note: Although some fruit and vegetables from the EU, LI and CH are medium risk they are temporarily being treated as low risk. Further information related to the categorisation of fruit and vegetables from the EU will be available shortly. 

High-risk categories: 

Group 

Commodity 

Plants for planting  

Plants for planting, other than seeds   

Tubers of  

Solanum tuberosum intended for planting (Seed potatoes)  

Solanum tuberosum (ware potatoes)  

Seeds of  

Allium cepa  

Allium porrum  

Brassica napus*  

Brassica rapa*  

Capsicum sp.  

Castanea sp.   

Glycine max*  

Helianthus annuus  

Linum usitatissimum*  

Medicago sativa  

Phaseolus vulgaris  

Phaseolus cocineus  

Pinus sp. 

Pisum sativum*  

Prunus sp. 

Pseudotsuga menziesii  

Rubus sp. 

Sinapis alba*  

Solanum tuberosum (true potato seed)  

Solanum lycopersicum  

Vicia faba*  

Zea mays 

Parts of Plants, other than fruits and seeds**  

Conifers (Pinales) 

Bark of  

Castanea sp. 

Conifers (Pinales)   

Fraxinus sp. 

Juglans sp. 

Pterocarya sp.  

Ulmus davidiana   

Wood (including wood which has not kept its natural round surface) of  

   

Acer sp. 

Aesculus sp.   

Alnus sp. 

Betula sp. 

Carpinus sp. 

Conifers (Pinales) excluding wood which is bark free  

Cercidiphyllum sp.  

Corylus sp. 

Fagus sp. 

Fraxinus sp. 

Koelreuteria sp.  

Conifers (Pinales)  

Platanus sp. 

Populus sp. 

Prunus sp. 

Salix sp. 

Tilia sp. 

Ulmus sp. 

Wood of  

Juglans sp. 

Pterocarya sp. 

Wood (excluding wood which is bark-free) of  

Castanea sp. excluding wood which is bark-free   

Used Machinery  

Used machinery and vehicles which have been operated for agricultural or forestry purposes  

   

Medium-risk categories:  

Medium-risk A 

Group  

Commodity  

Parts of Plants, other than fruits and seeds** 

Betula sp. 

Cryptocoryne sp. 

Fraxinus sp. 

Hygrophila sp. 

Juglans sp. 

Pterocarya sp. 

Solanum lycopersicum   

Solanum melongena  

Ulmus davidiana 

Vallisneria sp. 

Zea mays  

Cut Flowers  

Dendranthema sp. 

Dianthus sp. 

Gypsophila sp. 

Orchidaceae  

Solidago sp. 

Produce (fruit and vegetables and some part of plants) 

 

The listed below fruit and vegetables, in medium risk A, from the EU, LI  and CH are temporarily being treated as low-risk. Therefore, they do not require a phytosanitary certificate or pre-notification and will not be subject to inspections.  

 

Produce   
 
(fruit and vegetables)  
 
   

Apium graveolens  

Eryngium sp. 

Fragaria sp. 

Limnophila sp.  

Malus sp. 

Manihot esculenta  

Momordica sp. 

Ocimum sp. 

Persea americana  

Pyrus sp. 

Root and tubercle vegetables, such as:   

  • Chicory roots    
  • Horseradish    
  • Beetroot    
  • Radish   
  • Swede   
  • Marioc    
  • Carrot    
  • Salisfy Veg     
  • Ginger    
  • Sweet Potatoes    
  • Sugar beet    
  • Yams    
  • Taro     
  • Yautia    
  • Arrowroot    
  • Tumeric    

Rubus sp. 

Spinacia oleracea 

Solanaceae  

Vaccinium sp.  

Vitis sp. 

Zea mays  

Parts of Plants, other than fruits and seeds** 

Ipomoea sp. 

Solanaceae 

   

Medium-risk B 

Produce (fruit and vegetables) 

 

The listed below fruit and vegetables, in medium risk B, from the EU, LI and CH are temporarily being treated as low risk. Therefore, they do not require a phytosanitary certificate and will not be subject to inspections.  

 

Group 

Commodity 

Produce 

(fruit and vegetables) 

Cydonia sp. 

Prunus sp. 

 

 

Low-risk categories: 

Group 

 All other plants** not listed as High, Medium A or Medium B 

 

*For P. sativum and V. faba only standard and certified vegetable seed requires a phytosanitary certificate and pre-notification.   For B. napus, B. rapa, G. max. S. alba, and L. usitatisimum only certified seed for oil or fibre production requires a phytosanitary certificate and pre-notification. 

** ‘plants’ means living plants and the following living parts of plants: (a) seeds, in the botanical sense, other than those not intended for planting; (b) fruits, in the botanical sense; (c) vegetables; (d) tubers, corms, bulbs, rhizomes, roots, rootstocks, stolons; (e) shoots, stems, runners; (f) cut flowers; (g) branches with or without foliage; (h) cut trees retaining foliage; (i) leaves, foliage; (j) plant tissue cultures, including cell cultures, germplasm, meristems, chimaeric clones, micro-propagated material; (k) live pollen and spores; (l) buds, budwood, cuttings, scions, grafts  

Risk Categories for countries other than EU member states, Switzerland and Liechtenstein  

The below tables outline the Border Target Operating Model (BTOM) risk categorisation for plants and plant products from countries other than EU member states, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. 

Before determining which risk category your goods are in, you must first check whether your good is a prohibited commodity. This can be done by referring to the Prohibited Commodities page on the Plant Health Portal.  

The risk categories from countries other than EU member states, Switzerland and Liechtenstein goods are as follows:  

  • High Risk
  • Medium Risk A
  • Medium Risk B
  • Low Risk 

Requirements 

  • High and medium risk A goods will require a phytosanitary certificate and pre-notification (CHED PP) to be made on IPAFFS. 
  • Medium-risk B goods will  require a phytosanitary certificate but will not need to be pre-notified. 
  • Low-risk goods do not require a phytosanitary certificate or pre-notification (CHED PP) to be made on IPAFFS. 

High-risk categories:  

Group  

Commodity   

Country of Origin  

Plants for planting  

Plants for planting, other than seeds   

All countries1 

Tubers of  

Solanum tuberosum (ware potatoes)  

Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco, Serbia, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey  

   

All other countries are prohibited  

Seeds of  

Allium cepa  

All countries1 

Allium porrum  

All countries1 

Brassica napus*  

All countries1 

Brassica rapa *  

All countries1 

Brassicaceae  

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, New Zealand, Uruguay  

Capsicum sp.  

All countries1 

Castanea  sp. 

All countries1 

Glycine max*  

All countries1 

Helianthus annuus  

All countries1 

Linum usitatissimum*  

All countries1 

Medicago sativa  

All countries1 

Phaseolus cocineus  

All countries1 

Phaseolus vulgaris  

All countries1 

Pinus sp. 

All countries1 

Pisum sativum*  

All countries1 

Poaceae  

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, New Zealand, Uruguay  

Prunus sp. 

All countries1 

Pseudotsuga menziesii  

All countries1 

Rubus sp. 

All countries1 

Secale sp. 

Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, and USA  

Sinapis alba*  

All countries1 

Solanum lycopersicum  

All countries1 

Trifolium sp. 

Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, New Zealand, Uruguay  

Triticosecale sp.  

Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, and USA  

Triticum sp. 

Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, and USA  

Vicia faba*  

All countries1 

Zea mays  

All countries1 

Parts of plants** other than fruit and seeds  

Conifers (Pinales) 

Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine  

 

All other countries are prohibited  

Isolated bark of  

Acer macrophyllum  

USA  

Acer saccharum    

All countries1 

Prohibited – Canada, Mexico, and USA  

Aesculus californica  

USA  

Betula sp. 

Canada and USA   

Conifers (Pinales)   

All countries1 

Fraxinus sp. 

All countries1 

Juglans sp. 

All countries1 

Lithocarpus densiflorus  

USA  

Populus sp. 

All countries1 

Prohibited – the Americas***  

Pterocarya  sp. 

All countries1 

Quercus, other than Quercus suber  

All countries1 

Prohibited – Canada, Mexico, and USA  

Salix sp. 

China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea, and Russia  

Taxus brevifolia  

USA  

Ulmus davidiana  

All countries1 

Wood  

Acer sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Acer macrophyllum  

USA  

Acer saccharum    

Canada and USA  

Aesculus sp.  

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Aesculus californica  

USA  

Alnus sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Amelanchier sp.  

Canada and USA  

Aronia sp. 

Canada and USA  

Betula sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present and Canada and USA   

Carpinus sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Castanea sp. 

Canada, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russia, Turkey, USA, and Vietnam  

Castanea sp. excluding wood which is bark free  

All countries except Canada, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russia, Turkey, USA, and Vietnam  

Castanopsis sp. 

China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russia, and Vietnam  

Cercidiphyllum sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Conifers (Pinales)  

All countries excluding bark free wood from European countries (except for Russia)  

Conifers (Pinales) excluding wood which is bark free  

All European countries excluding Russia  

Corylus sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Cotoneaster sp. 

Canada and USA  

Crataegus sp. 

Canada and USA  

Cydonia sp. 

Canada and USA  

Fagus sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Fraxinus sp. 

All countries1 

Juglans sp. 

All countries1 

Koelreuteria sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Lithocarpus densiflorus  

USA  

Malus sp.  

Canada and USA  

Platanus sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present, Albania, Armenia, Turkey, and USA  

Populus sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Americas***, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea, and Russia  

Prunus sp. 

China,  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea, and Vietnam  

Pterocarya sp.   

All countries1 

Pyracantha sp. 

Canada and USA  

Pyrus sp. 

Canada and USA  

Quercus sp. (other than in the form of  Cooper’s products from Canada and the USA)  

Canada, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russia, Turkey, Vietnam, and USA  

Salix sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea, and Russia  

Sorbus sp. 

Canada and USA  

Tilia sp. 

Any country where Anoplophora glabripennis is known to be present  

Ulmus sp.  

All countries1 

Used Machinery  

Used machinery and vehicles which have been operated for agricultural or forestry purposes   

All countries1 

 

 

Medium-risk categories:  

Medium-risk A 

Group  

Commodity 

Country of origin  

Grain  

Secale sp. 

Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, and USA  

Triticum sp. 

Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, and USA  

Triticosecale sp.  

Afghanistan, India, Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa, and USA  

Parts of plants**  

Cryptocoryne sp.  

All countries1 

Hygrophila sp.  

All countries1 

Vallisneria sp.  

All countries1 

Parts of plants**, other than fruit and seeds of  

Acer macrophyllum  

USA  

Acer pseudoplatanus  

USA  

Acer saccharum  

Canada and USA  

Adiantum aleuticum  

USA  

Adiantum jordanii  

USA  

Aesculus californica  

USA  

Aesculus hippocastanum  

USA  

Arbutus menziesii  

USA  

Arbutus unedo  

USA  

Arctostaphylos spp.  

USA  

Betula sp. 

All countries1 

Calluna vulgaris  

USA  

Camellia spp.  

USA  

Castanea sp. 

All countries1 

Castanea sativa  

USA  

Conifers (Pinales)  

All countries1 

Prohibition apply on certain species from any third country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, EU Member States, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine  

Convolvulus sp. 

Americas***, Australia and New Zealand  

Dendranthema sp. 

All countries1 

Dianthus sp. 

All countries1 

Fagus sylvatica  

USA  

Frangula californica  

USA  

Frangula purshiana  

USA  

Fraxinus sp. 

All countries1 

Fraxinus excelsior  

USA  

Griselinia littoralis  

USA  

Gypsophila sp. 

All countries1 

Hamamelis virginiana  

USA  

Heteromeles arbutifolia  

USA  

Ipomoea sp. 

All countries1 

Juglans sp. 

All countries1 

Kalmia latifolia  

USA  

Laurus nobilis  

USA  

Leucothoe spp.  

USA  

Lithocarpus densiflorus  

USA  

Lonicera hispidula  

USA  

Magnolia spp.  

USA  

Michelia doltsopa  

USA  

Micromeria sp.  

Americas***, Australia and New Zealand  

Nothofagus obliqua  

USA  

Osmanthus heterophyllus  

USA  

Parrotia persica  

USA  

Pelargonium sp. 

All countries1 

Phoenix sp.  

All countries1 

Photinia x fraseri  

USA  

Pieris sp. 

USA  

Populus sp. 

All countries1 

Prunus sp. 

All countries1 excluding: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (SeveroZapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine  

Pseudotsuga menziesii  

USA  

Pterocarya sp. 

All countries1 

Quercus sp. 

All countries1 

Rhododendron spp. other than Rhododendron simsii 

USA  

Rosa gymnocarpa  

USA  

Salix caprea  

USA  

Sequoia sempervirens  

USA  

Solanaceae  

Americas***, Australia and New Zealand  

Solanum lycopersicum   

All countries1 

Solanum melongena  

All countries1 

Solidago sp. 

All countries1 

Syringa vulgaris  

USA  

Taxus spp.  

USA  

Trientalis latifolia  

USA  

Ulmus davidiana  

All countries1 

Umbellularia californica  

USA  

Vaccinium ovatum  

USA  

Viburnum sp.  

USA  

Zea mays  

All countries1 

Produce  

   

Apium graveolens  

All countries1 

Asparagus sp. 

The Americas***  

Cucurbitaceae 

The Americas***  

Cydonia sp. 

Canada, Mexico and USA 

Eryngium sp. 

All countries1 

Fragaria sp. 

All countries1 

Limnophila sp. 

All countries1 

Malus sp. 

All countries1 

Manihot esculenta  

All countries1 

Momordica sp.  

All countries1 

Ocimum sp. 

All countries1 

Persea americana  

All countries1 

Prunus sp. 

Any country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine  

Pyrus sp. 

All countries1 

Ribes sp. 

Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cayman Islands, Clipperton Island, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States of America and United States Virgin Islands

Root and tubercle vegetables, such as:   

  • Chicory roots    
  • Horseradish    
  • Beetroot    
  • Radish   
  • Swede   
  • Marioc    
  • Carrot    
  • Salisfy Veg     
  • Ginger    
  • Sweet Potatoes    
  • Sugar beet    
  • Yams    
  • Taro     
  • Yautia    
  • Arrowroot    
  • Tumeric    

 

All countries1 

Ribes sp.

Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cayman Islands, Clipperton Island, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States of America and United States Virgin Islands

Rubus sp. 

All countries1 

Solanaceae 

All countries1 

Spinacia oleracea 

All countries1 

Vaccinium sp. 

All countries1 

Vitis sp. 

All countries1 

Zea mays  

All countries1 

Cut Flowers  

Aster spp.   

Any country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia,Turkey and Ukraine  

Dendranthema sp.  

All countries1 

Dianthus sp.  

All countries1 

Eryngium sp.  

Any third country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia,Turkey and Ukraine  

Gypsophila sp. 

All countries1 

Hypericum sp. 

Any third country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia,Turkey and Ukraine  

Lisianthus sp. 

Any third country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia,Turkey and Ukraine  

Orchidaceae  

All countries1 

Rosa sp. 

Any third country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia,Turkey and Ukraine  

Solidago sp.  

All countries1 

Trachelium sp. 

Any third country other than: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia,Turkey and Ukraine  

 

Medium-risk B 

Group 

All other plants** not listed as High, Medium A or Low risk (includes Liechtenstein) 

 

 

Low-risk categories: 

 

   

Group 

Commodity  

Country of Origin 

Produce 

(fruits of) 

Ananas comosus 

All countries 

Actinidia sp. 

All countries 

Carica papaya 

All countries 

Cocos nucifera 

All countries 

Coffea arabica 

All countries 

Coffea canephora 

All countries 

Cucumis sativus  

Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canary Islands, Faroe Islands, Georgia, Iceland, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Russia (only the following parts: Central Federal District (Tsentralny federalny okrug), Northwestern Federal District (Severo-Zapadny federalny okrug), Southern Federal District (Yuzhny federalny okrug), North Caucasian Federal District (Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) and Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky federalny okrug)), San Marino, Serbia,Turkey and Ukraine  

Diospyros sp. 

All countries 

Durio zibethinus 

All countries 

Fortunella sp. 

All countries 

Gossypium sp. 

All countries 

Mangifera sp. 

All countries 

Musa sp. 

All countries 

Olea europaea 

All countries 

Passiflora sp. 

All countries 

Phoenix dactylifera  

All countries 

Poncirus sp. 

All countries 

Psidium sp. 

All countries 

Ribes sp. 

Any third country other than Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bonaire, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cayman Islands, Clipperton Island, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States of America and United States Virgin Islands 

Syzgium sp. 

All countries 

Leaves of 

Murraya sp. 

All countries 

Flower buds and fruit of (capers and caper berries) 

Capparis spinosa  

All countries 

Flower bud of (globe artichoke) 

Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus  

All countries 

Flowers of (hop cones) 

Humulus lupulus 

All countries 

Leafy Vegetables 

Cichorium intybus 

All countries 

Leafy vegetables and bulb like structures (fennel bulbs) 

Foeniculum vulgare 

All countries 

Fruits and leaves of 

Citrus sp. 

All countries 

Cones of (juniper berries) 

Juniperus communis 

All countries 

 

 1 - All countries  means countries other than EU member states, Switzerland and Liechtenstein 

* For P. sativum and V. faba only standard and certified vegetable seed requires a phytosanitary certificate and pre-notification.   For B. napus, B. rapa, G. max. S. alba, and L. usitatisimum only certified seed for oil or fibre production requires a phytosanitary certificate and pre-notification. 

 

** ‘plants’ means living plants and the following living parts of plants: (a) seeds, in the botanical sense, other than those not intended for planting; (b) fruits, in the botanical sense; (c) vegetables; (d) tubers, corms, bulbs, rhizomes, roots, rootstocks, stolons; (e) shoots, stems, runners; (f) cut flowers; (g) branches with or without foliage; (h) cut trees retaining foliage; (i) leaves, foliage; (j) plant tissue cultures, including cell cultures, germplasm, meristems, chimaeric clones, micro-propagated material; (k) live pollen and spores; (l) buds, budwood, cuttings, scions, grafts  

 

***Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina,Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Navassa Island (United States/Haiti), Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico (United States), Saba (Netherlands), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, Uruguay and Venezuela.