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Xylella host risk levels

Xylella Host Risk Levels

 

Highest risk Xylella hosts

  • Coffee
  • Polygala myrtifolia
  • Lavandula
  • Nerium oleander
  • Rosmarinus officinalis
  • Prunus dulcis
  • Olea europaea

Table 1. Species or Genera* which have been found to be susceptible to more than one sub-species of Xylella in the EU

*Genera used where more than one susceptible species

 

Fastidiosa

Multiplex

Pauca

Other risk factors

Acer

x

x

 

Anoplophora chinensis

Anoplophora glabripennis

Acacia

 

x

x

 

Ambrosia

x

x

 

 

Asparagus acutifolius

 

x

x

 

Calicotome

x

x

 

 

Cercis

x

x

 

 

Cistus

x

x

x

 

Citrus

x

 

x

Anoplophora chinensis

Dimorphoteca

 

x

x

 

Dodonaea viscosa

 

x

x

 

Erigeron

 

x

x

 

Genista

x

x

 

 

Grevillea juniperina

 

x

x

 

Hebe

 

x

x

 

Laurus nobilis

 

x

x

 

Lupinus

x

x

 

 

Magnolia grandiflora

x

x

 

 

Medicago

x

x

 

 

Metrosideros

x

x

 

 

Morus

x

x

 

 

Myrtus

 

x

x

 

Osteospermum

 

x

x

 

Pelargonium

 

x

x

 

Phillyrea

 

x

x

 

Prunus

x

x

x

Anoplophora chinensis (Prunus laurocerasus)

Aromia bungi

Rhamnus alaternus

x

x

x

 

Rubus

x

x

 

 

Sambucus

x

x

 

 

Spartium

x

x

x

 

Ulmus

x

x

 

Anoplophora chinensis

Anoplophora glabripennis

Vinca

x

x

x

 

Westringia

 

x

x

 

 

Table 2. Specified plants susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa subspecies fastidiosa

Erysimum                             

Juglans regia L.

Malva parviflora L.

Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass.

Streptocarpus      

Teucrium capitatum L.

Vitis

 

 

 

                               

Table 3. Specified plants susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa subspecies multiplex (those highlighted in yellow identified as at risk due to another pest)

Alnus rhombifolia Nutt.

Ampelopsis cordata Michx.    

Anthyllis hermanniae L.     

Artemisia

Baccharis halimifolia L.                        

Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels

Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull        

Carya     

Celtis occidentalis L.            

Chionanthus        

Clematis cirrhosa L.                

Convolvulus cneorum L.

Coprosma repens A. Rich.

Coronilla glauca (L.) Batt.                

Coronilla valentina L.            

Cytisus  

Elaeagnus angustifolia L.      

Encelia farinosa Gray ex Torr.                        

Euryops chrysanthemoides (DC.) B.Nord.  

Euryops pectinatus (L.) Cass.               

Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decr.       

Ficus carica L.      

Frangula alnus Mill.                

Fraxinus  

Ginkgo biloba L.  

Gleditsia triacanthos L.         

Helianthus            

HelichrysumIlex aquifolium L. Iva   annua L.                

Koelreuteria bipinnata Franch.                

Lagerstroemia     

Liquidambar styraciflua L.        

Myrtus communis L.

Phagnalon saxatile (L.) Cass.                               

Phlomis fruticosa L.

Pistacia vera L.    

Plantago lanceolata L.        

Platanus                                  

Polygala x grandiflora Nana

Pterospartum tridentatum (L.) Willk.     

Quercus                  

Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Wooton   & Standl.                

Robinia pseudoacacia L.  

Rosa        

Salvia mellifera Greene

Santolina chamaecyparissus L.            

Sapindus saponaria L.            

Solidago virgaurea L.              

Strelitzia reginae Aiton     

Ulex       

Vaccinium

Xanthium strumarium L.      

 

 

 

 

               

Table 4. Specified plants susceptible to Xylella fastidiosa subspecies pauca

Amaranthus retroflexus L.

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don

Chamaesyce canescens (L.) Prokh.

Chenopodium album L.

Eremophila maculata (Ker Gawler) F.   von Müller.

Euphorbia chamaesyce L.

Euphorbia terracina L.

Heliotropium europaeum L.

Hibiscus

Myoporum insulare Br.

Myrtus communis L.

 

 

 

 

 

Table 5. Host list of Xylella fastidiosa - summary

Acacia                   

Acer                       

Albizia julibrissin                

Alnus rhombifolia                               

Amaranthus retroflexus

Ambrosia                                                              

Ampelopsis arborea                 

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata                

Ampelopsis cordata                 

Anthyllis hermanniae         

Artemisia              

Asparagus acutifolius             

Baccharis              

Brassica                

Calicotome spinosa                               

Calicotome villosa                               

Callicarpa americana 

Callistemon citrinus                  

Calluna vulgaris                   

Carya                     

Catharanthus                       

Celtis occidentalis                 

Cercis canadensis                 

Cercis occidentalis                               

Cercis siliquastrum                               

Chamaecrista fasciculata                            

Chamaesyce canescens            

Chenopodium album    

Chionanthus                         

Chitalpa tashkentensis                      

Cistus                    

Citrus    

Clematis cirrhosa                 

Coelorachis cylindrica                              

Coffea                   

Conium maculatum                           

Convolvulus cneorum               

Coprosma repens                

Coronilla glauca                  

Coronilla valentina                               

Cyperus eragrostis                               

Cytisus  

Digitaria                                

Dimorphoteca                     

Diospyros kaki     

Diplocyclos palmatus                               

Dodonaea viscosa                                

Elaeagnus angustifolia                                           

Encelia farinose                                   

Eremophila maculata                              

Erigeron                                

Erodium moschatum          

Erysimum                             

Euphorbia chamaesyce                         

Euphorbia terracina                               

Euryops chrysanthemoides                                

Euryops pectinatus               

Fagus crenata                      

Fallopia japonica                                 

Fatsia japonica    

Ficus carica                                           

Frangula alnus                      

Fraxinus                                

Genista                                 

Ginkgo biloba                       

Gleditsia triacanthos                                            

Grevillea juniperina             

Hebe                     

Helianthus                            

Heliotropium europaeum                           

Hemerocallis                       

Hevea brasiliensis                                

Helichrysum                                         

Hibiscus                               

Humulus scandens                               

Ilex aquifolium                    

Ilex vomitoria                       

Iva annua              

Jacaranda mimosifolia                           

Juglans                  

Juniperus ashei   

Koelreuteria bipinnata                              

Lagerstroemia     

Laurus nobilis                      

Lavandula                             

Ligustrum lucidum                                                               

Liquidambar styraciflua                             

Lonicera japonica                                

Lupinus                                 

Magnolia grandiflora                           

Mallotus paniculatus                           

Malva parviflora                  

Medicago arborea                               

Medicago sativa                                  

Metrosideros                        

Mimosa                

Modiola caroliniana           

Morus                   

Myoporum insulare                 

Myrtus communis                                

Nandina domestica                               

Neptunia lutea    

Nerium oleander                

Olea                       

Osteospermum ecklonis

Osteospermum fruticosum                            

Parthenocissus quinquefolia        

Paspalum dilatatum                              

Pelargonium        

Persea americana                               

Phagnalon saxatile                               

Phillyrea angustifolia           

Phillyrea latifolia                                 

Phlomis fruticosa                

Phoenix reclinata                                

Phoenix roebelenii                               

Pinus taeda          

Pistacia vera                        

Plantago lanceolata            

Platanus                                

Pluchea odorata                  

Polygala myrtifolia               

Polygala x grandiflora                           

Prunus  

Pterospartum tridentatum         

Pyrus                     

Quercus                

Ratibida columnifera                         

Rhamnus alaternus                               

Rhus      

Robinia pseudoacacia                       

Rosa      

Rosmarinus officinalis                              

Rubus                    

Salvia mellifera    

Sambucus                             

Santolina chamaecyparissus               

Sapindus saponaria                               

Sassafras                              

Setaria magna     

Solidago fistulosa                                

Solidago virgaurea               

Sorghum halepense                            

Spartium                               

Stewartia pseudocamellia   

Strelitzia reginae                                 

Streptocarpus      

Symphyotrichum divaricatum                          

Teucrium capitatum                             

Trifolium repens

Ulex                       

Ulmus    

Vaccinium                            

Vinca                     

Vitis       

Westringia fruticosa               

Westringia glabra                

Xanthium strumarium