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Protecting the nation against natural threats (including plant health) and hazards is one of Defra’s top priorities. Under the Plant Biosecurity Strategy for Great Britain strengthening protection against plant pests and diseases inland includes a commitment to develop effective contingency plans and clear governance to help eradicate or minimise the impact when outbreaks occur.
The Defra Generic Contingency Plan describes how how the Plant Health Service in England will manage outbreaks of plant pests. In particular, it covers the physical and human resources that are required for an outbreak response and describes the outbreak management process. It is designed primarily for use by staff in Defra, APHA and FC, who are involved in planning for outbreaks of plant pests in England, and for those who are involved in the outbreak response.
Pest specific response plans prepared by Defra and the Forestry Commission describe how the plant health service for England will respond to outbreaks of certain high risk pests where additional measures over and above those set out in the overarching Defra contingency plan for plant health in England are required.
Please see the reporting a pest and disease webpage for the most up-to-date contact details for the UK Plant Health Services.
Plant Health Generic Contingency Plan (England)
Anoplophora chinensis - Citrus longhorn beetle
Anoplophora glabripennis - Asian longhorn beetle
Anthonomus eugenii - Pepper weevil
Aromia bungii - Red necked longhorn beetle
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (Zebra chip) & its vector Bactericera cockerelli in glasshouse grown crops
'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (Zebra chip) & its vector Bactericera cockerelli in potato crops
Clavibacter sepedonicus - Potato ring rot
Leptinotarsa decemlineata - Colorado beetle
Popillia japonica - Japanese beetle
Potato spindle tuber viroid PSTVd in potato crops
Potato spindle tuber viroid PSTVd in tomato and pepper crops
Rhagoletis pomonella - Apple maggot fly
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus - Red palm weevil
Rose rosette virus (RRV) and its vector
Thaumatotibia leucotreta - False codling moth
Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (ToBRFV)
Xylophagous cerambycid beetles
Acleris gloverana and Acleris variana (Black-Headed Budworm), Choristoneura fumiferana (Eastern Spruce Budworm) and Choristoneura freemani (Western Spruce Budworm)
Agrilus anxius - Bronze Birch Borer
Agrilus bilineatus - Two-lined chestnut borer
Agrilus planipennis - Emerald Ash Borer
Bursaphelenchus xylophilus - Pine wood nematode
Candidatus Phytoplasma ulmi - Elm Yellows Phytoplasma
Ceratocystis fagacearum - Oak Wilt
Ceratocystis platani - Canker Stain of Plane
Cryphonectria parasitica - Sweet Chestnut Blight
Dendrolimus sibiricus - Siberian Coniferous Silk Moth
Ips typographus - Eight-toothed spruce bark beetle (under review)
Thaumetopoea pityocampa - Pine Processionary Moth
Thaumetopoea processionea - Oak Processionary Moth
Defra have been partnering with the UK Met Office to help give information about predicted pest emergence dates to aid in outbreak responses. The climate-pest risk web tool, developed by the Met Office Hadley Centre in collaboration with Defra’s plant health risk and horizon scanning team, uses up-to-date climate data and models to estimate and map indicators of risk for important plant pests across the UK. A flyer describing the tool is available here, and the tool can be found here (hosted by the Met Office).